Advanced Biofuels from Scandinavian Wood Residues

UPM has developed a process to transform wood-based residues from pulp production into an advanced biofuel that can be used in any diesel engine without modification. The company uses a hydrotreating process and by focusing on a waste product for the main input, the product does not generate additional demand for additional forest harvest areas or compete with food production.

UPM Biofuels established the first commercial scale wood-based biorefinery in the world in Finland, which started production in 2015 and has a capacity of 120 million liters of renewable diesel – enough to supply around 100,000 cars per year.

Why you should care

Although biofuels were initially heralded as a sustainable alternative to fossil-fuel based vehicle fuels, many of the first generation fuels competed with food crops for space, and were even suggested to be net contributors of greenhouse gases. Advanced biofuel technology such as this, using otherwise discarded resources, can help reduce the transport sector’s emissions without impacting food security.  

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